Magic, passion and possession: the great history of diamonds joins that of humanity, as this stone symbolizes a quest for the absolute. In 1866, in Hopetown, 120 kilometers south of Kimberley (South Africa), the Eureka diamond (so named at the Paris Universal Exhibition the same year) was discovered by a young boy, Erasmus Jacobs, in a kimberlite. The largest diamond ever found on the planet is the Cullinan. The gemstone was 3,106 carats and had been discovered in South Africa in 1905. Howard Tracy Hall (born October 20, 1919 and died July 25, 2008) was an American physical chemist and the first person who invented a synthetic diamond according to a reproducible, verifiable and witnessed process, using a press of his own invention.
More infos about the worddiamond : Diamond is a form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic. At room temperature and pressure, another solid form of carbon known as graphite is the chemically stable form of carbon, but diamond almost never converts to it. Diamond has the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any natural material, properties that are utilized in major industrial applications such as cutting and polishing tools. They are also the reason that diamond.. Learn more about: diamond (extract from your favorite online encyclopedia)
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